Mice and rats are common rodents that live throughout North Carolina. While these animals are relatively harmless when left in the wild, they can enter your home, cause damage and contaminated food. Learn more about mice and rats and see how they live.
All about Mice
In North Carolina, you are most likely to come across deer and house mice. Both species are small and only grow to be 5.5 to 7.5 inches long, which includes the length of their tail. Mice are nocturnal and avoid dangerous situations, so it is uncommon to spot them during the day. House mice usually don’t travel more than 100 feet from their nest, so they have a small territory that they stick to.
Mice are classified as omnivores and will forage for food and store it in their nest. Typically, they look for leaves, seeds, stems, fruits and insects, but they are more than happy to eat any of the crumbs left lying around your house.
When it comes to habitat, house mice gravitate towards urban areas where there are a lot of people and easy sources of food and water. Deer mice prefer the outdoors and occupy a variety of habitats. They tend to seek out farmland, prairies and woods.
If you actually see a mouse in your home, you have an infestation on your hands. You may also notice mouse droppings, footprints or pieces of paper, plastic and other items that they have chewed. Once they have built a nest in your walls, you will probably hear them scurrying about at night. Since they reproduce quickly, you will want to take action at the first sign of a mouse infestation.
All about Rats
While rats may seem similar to mice, there are some important differences. In North Carolina, roof rats and Norway rats are the most common types. The Norway rat is the largest and can grow to be up to 16 inches long and weigh 18 ounces. This species is mostly gray in color, but can have brown, black or reddish fur on its back.
The roof rat is smaller and can range in weight from 5-10 ounces. They have dark colored fur and a sleek, streamlined body. This helps to make them expert climbers and build nests high above the ground.
Both rats are most active and night and considered omnivores. Roof rats prefer produce, grains, seed and insects. Norway rats are less picky and will eat just about anything, especially if it is garbage or meat that has been disposed of.
The real problem with rats is that they can spread disease and contaminate food. Rat feces and urine instantly ruins food and can make humans sick.
If you have noticed signs of a rat or mouse infestation, it is time to call PMi Pest Management. We can get rid of the infestation and take steps to make sure that mice and rats don’t return. Call today to learn more about these pests and our services.