Mosquitoes are well known for ruining barbecues and leaving behind itchy bites. However, these pests are more than just a simple annoyance. They are actually incredibly sophisticated insects that are also the deadliest animal on the planet. Learn more about these insects and how they live and operate.
Female mosquitoes suck blood in order to provide vital protein for their eggs. They use their long proboscis to insert two tubes into the skin. One is used to inject an enzyme that prevents blood clotting while the other tube sucks up the blood. At the same time, the mosquito is transferring their own saliva into the skin, which is what causes itchy bumps.
The saliva is also the reason why mosquitoes are so deadly. They can carry and transmit a long list of diseases including: malaria, encephalitis West Nile, yellow fever and dengue. This makes mosquitoes the number one source of infectious disease and a dangerous and deadly pest.
Mosquitoes use a variety of different tools to identify their victims. They are naturally attracted to the carbon dioxide that is exhaled by humans and animals during the breathing process. Other receptors and visual cues can be used to detect body heat and perspiration to help them hone in on a blood source.
Female mosquitoes are also unique because they are prolific mothers who lay hundreds of eggs. Once a female has mated, she can continue to lay up to 100 eggs every three days. They use blood to feed their eggs before depositing them in water where it takes just five days for the eggs to develop and hatch and release larvae. It takes about 10 days for the larvae to reach the pupal stage, which only lasts one to three days and then the adult mosquito is ready to fly. The quick breeding and lifecycle mean that just a few mosquitoes can multiply in no time at all.
Water is essential to the mosquito breeding process. With most species of mosquitoes, water stimulates the eggs so that they hatch properly. From there, the larvae feed on the algae and bacteria that live on the surface of the water. During the pupal phase, mosquitoes float on top of the water and take in air. For these reasons, females will seek out any source of stagnant water to lay their eggs.
If you want to reduce the mosquito population around your home, the first thing you should do is eliminate any standing water. Even the smallest amount can provide a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Be sure to empty pet water bowls, make sure planters are free of water and clean up debris around the house. For professional mosquito elimination services, contact the experts at PMi Pest Management. We can help you reclaim your yard and enjoy the outdoors again.