Mosquitoes are more than just an annoying pest that can ruin a summer evening outdoors and leave you covered in itchy bites. These insects carry many different diseases that can be passed on to humans and animals. Each time they deliver a bite and suck the blood from a victim, their saliva enters the bloodstream and potentially transmits a disease. These are just some of the health problems that are associated with mosquitoes.
Mosquitoes are considered the deadliest animal on earth because they transmit malaria. In 2019, there were 229 million human malaria infections that resulted in 409,000 deaths. While malaria is rare in the United States, it is common in tropical and subtropical areas. Anyone traveling to these regions will need to take precautions, including taking malaria pills, using mosquito netting, and wearing clothes that have been treated with mosquito repellent.
While scientists first became aware of the Zika Virus around 70 years ago, this disease didn’t come to North American until 2015. While the symptoms of Zika are relatively mild and include fever, rash, headache, and joint pain, the disease can have serious consequences for pregnant women. Zika can cause a range of disabilities in newborns, which makes it a special concern for expecting mothers.
West Nile Virus
The West Nile Virus might not be in the headlines as often today as it was in the early 2000s, however, it is still a health concern. The disease is transmitted to birds, horses, and people. Most people will experience flu-like symptoms, but older adults are prone to a more severe form of the illness.
Mosquitoes leave behind itchy welts that can be hard to resist scratching. If you break the skin scratching, bacteria can enter the skin and cause a staff infection, which can spread and turn into oozing blisters. A staff infection will need to be treated by a doctor with antibiotics.
Mosquitoes are a common pest in North Carolina and throughout the world. While not every mosquito will transmit disease, it is important to take precautions to protect your family. PMi Pest Management can help you control the mosquito population around your home and make your yard safer and more inviting.