While moles aren’t a welcome addition to your lawn or garden, they are incredibly interesting creatures. They dig tunnels about ten inches underground as they go in search of insects to eat. Unfortunately, this can cause damage to your yard and deplete the population of helpful insects, such as earthworms. Learn more about moles, how they live and how you can control an infestation.
How to Identify a Mole
Moles are commonly mistaken for voles, but they are distinctly different animals. A mole is a small mammal that has tiny eyes and wide front arms that operate much like flippers. Unlike voles, they have a hairless, pointed snout. Since they have small eyes, they operate almost entirely by sound and touch. A full-size mole is usually about 7 inches long and will weigh about 4 ounces.
Moles prefer moist soil that is full of organic matter. That is why they are usually active after it rains and in the mornings and evenings. They use their front legs to “swim” through the soil and eat insects, grubs, earthworms and other organisms they find along the way. Periodically, they will come to the surface, which results in mounds of soil, commonly referred to as molehills.
Although moles tend to be solitary creatures, a single mole can cover a lot of ground. In general, their range is about 2.7 acres although you can have up to 5 moles per 1 acre. Females can have 2-5 babies, which become independent after just one month, which enables the population to expand pretty quickly.
Even if you don’t see an actual mole, it is easy to identify the damage they may have caused. In addition to visible molehills, you will be able to spot their tunnels from the surface in the form of raised earth. As they dig, they cause damage to plant roots and can kill your grass.
A common way to get rid of moles is through trapping. Certain traps are designed to simply capture the mole so that it can be relocated to an area where it can’t cause damage. Since moles can have an expansive maze of tunnels and are excellent at evading danger, safely trapping them can be a challenge. That is why you may want to leave it up to the experts.
At PMi Pest Management, we have years of experience helping homeowners enjoy a pest-free home and yard. If moles are destroying your lawn, contact us today for help protecting your landscaping.